The views and opinions expressed by the Journal of Nishtar Medical University’s (JNMU) contributing authors are not necessarily those of the JNMU editorial staff. Readers are invited to interact regarding JNMU authors’ ideas through the author’s email. JNMU is not responsible if the author does not or chooses not to respond to the query.

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The JNMU and its publishers make no representations or warranties with respect to any treatment, action, or application of medication or preparation by any person following the information offered or provided within or through the JNMU. The JNMU and its publishers will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Due to the above facts, authors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. The members of the editorial board and the JNMU are not responsible for the statements and opinions expressed by the authors in their articles/communications/letters published in the JNMU. To the fullest extent permitted by law, JNMU and its editors are not responsible for any losses, injury or damage, intellectual or psychological or physical or otherwise, caused to any person or property (including under contract, by negligence, products liability or otherwise) whether they be direct or indirect, special, incidental or consequential, resulting from the application of the information published in JNMU.